CEP 813 – Module 1 – Synthesis Precis

In Module 1: Foundations of Assessment and Evaluation, we were asked to read, compare, and analyze thematic connections between two articles regarding assessment. The first article, The Role of Assessment in a Learning Culture by Dr. Lorrie Shepard focuses on classroom assessments that enhance learning and occur within instruction. The article first examines historical perspectives regarding learning theories that contributed to early (and modern) assessment models, then describes the developments that led to a more modern view of learning theories and classroom assessments, and concludes by envisioning a new assessment framework that shifts from the outdated objective model to a more progressive formative approach that supports modern learning theories. The second article, Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment by Paul Black and David William, discusses how formative assessments are an integral part of teaching and learning. The findings are supported by work done in previous studies and concludes that formative assessment is the most effective tool for accomplishing improved student learning outcomes and informed teacher instruction.

Both articles provide an insightful review of assessment for learning by focusing on improving student learning outcomes through formative assessments and by implementing a framework for improved teaching strategies that will strengthen both policy and practice across all disciplines. For a more in-depth review, here is the link to my full synthesis précis of the two articles:



Black, P. & Williams, D. (1998). Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 80(2), 139-144.

Shepard, L. (2000). The role of assessment in a learning culture. Educational Researcher, 29(7), 4-14.


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